Max Weber has had a huge influence upon the enquiry into civilisations and their differences. Books and articles keep coming out on Western rationality and the Occidental form of capitalism, what he called modern capitalism. But things have changed since 1904, when he started publishing on world religions and their social consequences, especially for the prevailing economic ethics of personal conduct. His favourite, Protestantism, is barely surviving in Europe, although still flourishing in the US and Brazil. And modern capitalism has moved to East and South East Asia, the religion of Buddhism in various combinations with local religions. Are there then no other civilizational divide than Weber’s candidates: religion and capitalism? Yes, there is a more powerful separation among the world’s civilisations that is being experienced daily by global inhabitants, namely the rule of law (RL).