Political Institutions and the Democratisation of Post-Communist Eastern Europe (1989-2000)

by Svetlozar A. Andreev,

A decade since the post-communist transformation in Eastern European, the newly established political regimes have opted for diverse combinations of institutional formats. Huge differences in the institutional setting have been observed not only among sub-regions, but also among neighbouring countries within the former Communist Bloc. This paper attempts to analyse the various institutional choices made by the political elites and tries to see how they affect the consolidation and quality of democracy. Its main hypothesis is that the selection of a particular kind of executive structure (presidential, semi-presidential or parliamentary), of legislature (single or double chamber), of political parties (mass-bureaucratic and electoral-professional, and their effective number in parliament) and of electoral system (majoritarian, mixed or proportional), as well as the combination between these institutions, would influence the general performance and stability of political democracies in the region and world-wide.

published in Vol 4 - No 1 - 2004 // Comparing Transformations.The Institutional Reform
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  • Alina Mungiu-Pippidi (chair) Hertie School of Governance
  • Larry Diamond Stanford University
  • Tom Gallagher University of Bradford
  • Alena Ledeneva University College London
  • Michael McFaul Stanford University
  • Philippe Schmitter Stanford University
  • Helen Wallace London School of Economics and Political Science

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  • George Jiglau
  • Ingi Iusmen

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Societatea Academica Romana